Wells in Ontario
Prior to 1990, wells installed in Ontario were permitted to be constructed with well pits. As a result many wells are susceptible to contamination from coliform bacteria and other pollutants and a high percentage of wells in the province are sub-standard according to current regulations. To reduce the risk of contamination and ensure water supplies are protected, these wells require upgrades.
Upgrade or Demolish?
Wells require ongoing maintenance to ensure that the water you use every day is the best possible quality for the health and safety of you and your family. If your water quality is suffering or quantity is depleting, it may be necessary to upgrade your well, or in more extreme cases, a new construction might be the answer.
A new well is necessary if your current well is in a hazardous location in close proximity to permanent sources of contamination, or if it is at ongoing risk from flooding. Also, if your well is consistently producing insufficient quantities for the intended use, a change in location may help increase your supply. Lastly, some wells were not built to be easily upgraded, such as brick-lined wells. In this case, building a new well is the only way to improve your water supply.
The Upgrade Service
A typical well upgrade service is a multi-step process that begins with the removal of existing submersible pump. Next come the installation of a commercially manufactured well coupling onto the existing casing, as well as a suitable brass pitless adapter. From there, the well casing is extended above the ground surface. The remainder of the well pit is filled with material that is native to the surrounding area, such as sand or stone screenings, to ensure proper drainage around the well head. At the completion of the upgrade service, the well owner should receive an affixed MOE well tag and a MOE Well Record.
It is required in the Ontario’s Well Regulation that a well is maintained to keep out surface run-off and foreign materials. An inspection is necessary at least once per year, where a check for potential contaminants should also take place.
If you are having problems with the quality or quantity of water coming from your well, talk to a professional who is familiar with your area and well upgrades. Ensure you are hiring a licensed well technician through a legal well construction business that has their well contractor licence through the Ministry of Environment. To help your contractor, keep all documents relating to your well, pump, pumping tests and maintenance.